User: alciro    User
 Original    Translate to:  Deutsch  English  Français  中文  
 

Microcontroladores 8051

6. Programming in C

6.1. Data Types

Declaration of the types of memory

In the variable declaration can indicate what kind of memory is stored.
The following table shows the type of memory that can be specified.

  • program code memory (64 KBytes). With access by using the MOVC @ A + DPTR.
  • Address data directly to the internal data memory. For quick access to variables (128 bytes).
  • idata Indirect addressing the internal data memory. With access to all internal memory (256 bytes).
  • BDATA internal data memory address bit by bit. Allows access to the area bit by bit and address byte (16 bytes).
  • xdata external data memory (64 KBytes). Accessed through the MOVX @ DPTR instruction.
  • pdata Paging (256 bytes) external data memory. Access by instruction MOVX @ Rn.

Normally when working in C, it is not necessary to specify the type of memory in which to store the contents of variables, it is assumed that this is the work RAM. But in this type of microcontrollers by having various memory areas with different behavior, you must specify whether the variable is to give one or the other memory as needed. By default, if nothing is indicated the variable is assigned a data memory.

Examples:

 data char Var1;
char code text [] = "Enter temperature:";
unsigned long xdata MyArray [100];
float idata x, y, z;
unsigned int pdata Dimension;
unsigned char xdata vector [10] [4] [4];
char BDATA Indicator; 

Data Types

A data type defines the range of values that can have a variable throughout the execution of the program and the number of bytes of memory allocated to hold information.

Datatype Bits Bytes
Range
bit * 1 0 to 1
signed char 8 1 -128 To +127
unsigned char 8 1 0 to 255
enum 8 / 16 1 or 2 -128 To +127 or -32768 to +32767
signed short 16 2 -32768 To +32767
unsigned short 16 2 0 to 65535
signed int 16 2 -32768 To +32767
unsigned int 16 2 0 to 65535
signed long 32 4 -2147483648 To 2147483647
unsigned long 32 4 0 to 4294967295
float 32 4 ± 1.175494E-38 to ± 3.402823E +38
SBIT * 1 0 to 1
sfr * 8 1 0 to 255
sfr16 * 16 2 0 to 65535

Loading
copyright © 2007-2021  www.alciro.org  All rights reserved.         
Share |